Pocitelj is a village in the municipality of Capljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Pocitelj is the historical settlement with Oriental-Mediterranean character, situated in the valley of the Neretva River and is one of the most beautiful cultural and historic units in Bosnia and Hercegovini.Ime Poèitelj indicates archaic origin. The etymology of the name of Počitelj is not resolved. Some believe that the name is derived from the verb Poèitelj rest; others say the name of castellan of the city gave the town the name of Počitelj; the third is that the learned men ‘Dear’ caused name Počitelj; fourth to the origin of the name of Počitelj to look for in hungarizmu ‘educators’, the Italian ‘cittadela’, as the expression of the city, a fortress; fifth to a verb to read, … After all, it seems to be finding a solution to the origin of the name of Počitelj continues to occupy the interest of the public and the profession.
Počitelj represents a fortress which dates back to the Middle Ages. It is located on the left bank of the Neretva River near Čapljina. The fort guarded the entrance to the lower Neretva valley on the way from Drijeva to Bišće. It was first Poèitelj stated in the charter of Duke Stephen Vukčić 1444 (Posichell, Vdobranah castello con lo contato). He later mentioned in 1448 (Castrum Beczitel) and 1454 (Civitate Pozitell pertinentiis cum suis).
For a long time wrongly considered that in Počitelj was the Bosnian royal shipyard in the 14th century. The famous second new town which is Tvrtko I of Bosnia built in 1383 on the coast called the Brštanik. He is wrong housed at Pocitelj is certain activity around Tvrtko shipyards, and sale of salt, been associated with Počitelj. Later historians have proven that Brštanik was away from Počitelj, so everything else is linked to Pocitelj left without any basis. Despite today can be read in the literature that Počitelj built for Tvrtko in 1383, and that there was a shipyard. Počitelj had a significant role in the conflicts with the Ottomans.
This Herzegovinian town on the picturesque bank of the Neretva was intensively built in the second half of the 16th century through the influence of the two building traditions – Oriental and Mediterranean. Until our days there have been preserved cultural construction treasures – Šišman Ibrahim Pasha’s Mosque, Počiteljska clock tower, Turkish bath, the House of Gavrankapetanovic.
In January 2003, the historic urban area Počitelj was declared a national monument of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 2007, he filed for candidacy Pocitelj World Heritage by UNESCO.